Alcohol is a legitimate leisure substance for the people who are legally above 18 and one of the very typically used substances or drugs in all over the globe. Alcohol like beer, wine and any spirits contain intoxicating components. In other words, known as nepenthe or depressant which slows down the system of the body when it surpasses the brain. People enjoy alcohol to celebrate, to relax and to socialize. For temporary enjoyment, people seek alcohol knowing the fact it also causes some bad impacts.
Excess amount of alcohol consumption causes various issues. Initial effects or short term effects and long term effects are the two categories that cause people when they start drinking alcohol. Let’s discuss further these effects in brief.
Short-term effects of Alcohol
Effects which take place for a short time period during consuming the alcohol. In another word, effects which start working after or right at the time of drinking alcohol depends on the quantity of consumption. It can result in several short term effects which are discussed below.
When people get drunk it becomes difficult to understand their language due to their slurred speech.
This happens because alcohol passes all over the body including the brain too which causes dysfunction of the brain and leads to improper speech.
Sometimes due to improper speech or miscommunication people get into the conflict.
Altered hearing and vision-
Along with the slurred speech alcohol also causes altered hearing and vision.
As alcohol dysfunction the whole body it dysfunction hearing and vision too which can lead to an accident and various other issues.
The excess quantity of alcohol leads to lethargic or drowsiness.
Sometimes alcohol makes people unconscious when they get drunk and pass out or blackout which can result in remembrance problems.
It happens when the body loses control over it and you start feeling dizzy.
Nausea or vomit-
This is one of the very common effects of alcohol where people feel nausea and start vomiting.
Vomit dehydrates the whole body which also sometimes leads to a stomach ache or headache.
It also causes diarrhea and loss of appetite when alcohol reacts with the body.
Long- term effects of Alcohol
Continuous consumption of alcohol gradually affects the body for a long-term which can be very dangerous or harmful. Let’s know what all are the long- term effects of alcohol.
Here cardiovascular disease can be any cardiac or heart disease like atherosclerosis where the flow of blood becomes harder through the arteries.
Another cardiovascular disease can be heart stroke or attack where a heart gets blocked by a blood lump and builds a restriction in blood flow to a portion of the heart.
It also causes sudden death sometimes.
A liver disease which is caused by too much intake of alcohol would be cirrhosis and fatty liver disease.
Alcohol destroys the important body part including the liver too which can also cause issues in breathing and another respiratory system.
Other liver diseases could be jaundice, loss of appetite, swelling of the liver or abdominal.
Cancer can be one of the deadly problems which are too hazardous and it hardly gets cured.
There can be chances of cancer if people drink on a regular basis. Cancer can occur in any part of the body but due to excessive alcohol, it affects mostly the throat and mouth, liver, heart, esophagus, colon and rectum etc and causes cancer.
Cancer gradually kills the people who suffer through.
Too much alcohol damages the nerve tissue or peripheral nerves which causes tingling and pain on limbs which is also called alcoholic nephropathy.
Alcohol also alters the status of nutrients like thiamine, vitamin, niacin, folate, vitamin B6 and B12 which cause alcoholic nephropathy.
Peripheral nerves supervise our motor function and important sensory systems like walking, bowel and urinary elimination, speech and sexual arousal. Affecting peripheral nerves can affect all the important sensory systems.
In addition, long- term effects are riskier than short- term effects. Short-term effects don’t last for a day to a few more days but long- term lasts for a long period of time. It also causes stress or depression when people realise their suffering or disease.
At last, this is obvious there will be a high risk if people consume in a high quantity and low risk if they consume in a lesser quantity. Drinking alcohol occasionally and regularly is two totally different images which people have to understand and have to deal accordingly.